Salamanders are not insects but really are cold-blooded amphibians. They are not lizard family as they do not have scales. They are another beneficial in nature.Â
Cave Salamander-NCSA, Long Tail Salamander-Ken Felsom
They range in size and length (at least 10-20cm) since there are hundreds of species and range thoughout the world except in South America, south Africa, Austrailia and the Antarctic. There is one species in Japan that grows up to 180cm! They have a wide range of colours and markings depending on where they are found. Salamanders are unique in that they will grow back a body part if they lose it. Most salamanders are moist and slimy and they are nocturnal. Their tail is usually longer than their body. Salamanders hibernate in the winter like most amphibians.
Mountain Salamander-NSCA, Northern Salamander-Ken Felsom
Lifecycle & Habitat
They live where it is moist & dark, caves, streams, ponds, under rocks, moss and rotting logs. Mostly they are found in forests and caves but they can be quite a gardeners friend given conditions that are friendly to them. Females lay their eggs in the early spring in the habitat that they prefer….streams, ponds and any moist dark place.
Red Back Salamander-NCSA, Slimy Salamander-Ken Felsom
They eat slugs, snails, bugs and most insects. Some of the bugs and insects include: millipedes, aphids, small moths, mealworms, crickets, small cockroaches, grasshoppers, locusts, flies, fruitflies, pillbugs, waxworms, mosquitoes, blackflies & white flies. Some salamanders are blind but they can easily find their food.